Hamsa - 5 Holy Facts about the Hamsa Hand, also known as the Hand of Fatima

What is Hamsa Hand?

A timeless symbol of protection that transcends modern-day countries, religions, and cultures. The Hamsa Hand is also known as the Hand of Fatima, the Hand of Mary, the Hand of Miriam, the Hand of the Goddess, and Hamesh.

Here are 5 holy facts about the Hamsa Hand, also known as the Hand of Fatima.

1. The Hamsa Hand symbol is older than most religions.

Older than Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism and Judaism.

While Christianity began in 30 AD, and Islam in 610 AD, the Hamsa Hand is said to have been used by the people of Carthage (modern-day Tunisia) in 800 BC, with recent archeological discoveries dating the use of the Hamsa Hand back to 1500 BC in ancient Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq).

In erstwhile Carthage, the Hamsa symbol represented goddess Tanit, who held the meaning of life. While in Mesopotamia, the Hamsa represented goddess Ishtar (also called Inanna), who was the queen of heaven and believed to bestow love, beauty, sex, justice, and political power.

2. The Hamsa Hand symbol is common amongst most major religions.

A unique commonality between Judaism, Islam, Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism.

Before the alphabet, words, sentences, languages, and religions, there were symbols. Owing to its origins in prehistory, the Hamsa Hand is a near-universal symbol across the world today, adopted by many major religions.

Known as the Hand of Fatima in Islam, the Hand of Mary in Christianity, the Hand of Miriam in Judaism, and also present in the ancient religions of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism.

The Hamsa Hand has stood with mankind as a symbol of divinity, protection, good luck, and good fortune throughout the centuries past, transcending modern-day countries, religions, and cultures.

Hamsa Hand meaning in Judaism, known as Hand of Miriam or Hamesh

The Hamsa Hand is present in Judaism in multiple contexts since biblical times, and the Hamsa symbol is omnipresent in Israel today.

Known as Hamesh, the Hebrew word for the number 5. Hamesh relates to the five fingers depicted in the Hamsa Hand symbol. It is believed that these five fingers represent the five holy books of Judaism, namely the Torah, Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.

The Hamsa Hand symbol is also known as the Hand of Miriam, the sister of Moses. In ancient Egypt, when the Pharaoh was out to kill every baby boy born to those of Jewish faith, to exterminate the population. It is said that Miriam convinced an Egyptian princess to adopt her baby brother Moses, thereby saving his life.

Moses later went on to lead the Jewish people out of Egypt and slavery, also saving them from extinction. Owing to this, anyone who wears the Hand of Miriam as jewelry on their body is said to hold a part of Miriam’s to their body, thereby bringing them protection, good luck, and good fortune.

Through recent history, the Hamsa Hand has also been associated with “sympathetic magic” or as "God’s hand reaching from up above” for people of the Jewish faith.

"Hamsa, Hamsa, Hamsa, tfu, tfu, tfu” is a common expression in Israel, meant to spit out bad luck!

Hamsa Hand meaning in Islam, known as Hand of Fatima

The Hamsa Hand is also known as the Hand of Fatima, who is the daughter of Muhammad, the Prophet and founder of Islam.

In Islamic folklore, it is said that Fatima’s hand became a symbol of faith when her husband brought home a new wife.

Fatima, who at the time was cooking, went into shock and dropped the wooden spoon she was using but kept stirring the pot with her bare hands, not noticing that she was burning herself.

Since that day Fatima's hand or the Hand of Fatima is said to symbolize patience, abundance, faithfulness, and brings power, blessing, and good luck.

The Arabic word for Hamsa is also five, which is said to represent the five pillars of Islam, namely Profession of Faith, Prayer, Alms to the needy, Fasting, and Pilgrimage.

There is also an ancient saying in Arabic, “khamsa fi ainek” which translates to “five fingers in your eye”, concerning warding off the evil eye.

Hamsa Hand meaning in Christianity, known as the Hand of Mary

The Hamsa Hand is known as the Hand of Mary, the mother of Jesus Christ in Levantine Christianity.

While it’s uncommon to worship any symbol apart from the cross in Christianity, the Hand of Mary is still considered divine as Mary was an ordinary person who became the mother of Jesus Christ.

Owing to this, the Hand of Mary symbol is associated with divinity, compassion, nurturing, care, femininity, protection, and as a bearer of good fortune.

Hamsa Hand meaning in Hinduism and Buddhism

In Hinduism and Buddhism, the Hamsa Hand facing down is known as the Varadamudra, a symbolic gesture often seen in religious paintings and statues symbolizing the gifting of boons, granting of wishes, and mercy.

While the Hamsa Hand facing up is known as Abhayamudra, a symbol of protection from evil, self-ignorance, and a symbol of peace, benevolence, and the dispelling of fears.

Hamsa is also associated with the number five, which relates to the five chakras through which energy is believed to flow in a human body. As well as the five senses of a human body, and the five mudras or symbolic gestures made by hand and fingers, that facilitate the flow of energy within a body.

3. The Hamsa Hand pointing down means.

A sign of welcoming, giving and receiving.

If the Hamsa Hand faces downwards, then the Hamsa represents an abundance of goodness.

It becomes a welcoming sign that invites good things into our life, including good luck, good fortune, good health, and happiness.

In this position, the fingers are generally close together, as a sign of invitation for good luck.

4. The Hamsa Hand pointing up means.

A symbol of protection.

When the five fingers of the Hamsa Hand are pointing up, the Hamsa Hand will protect the wearer from negativity and harm from others.

It will also help control the wearer’s own negative emotions, fears, greed, hatred, and insecurities. The fingers may also be spread apart as a sign meant to repel evil.

5. Often paired with other symbols.

Also made with, or carved into silver.

The Hamsa Hand can often be seen with an eye at the center of the palm. This is the evil eye of protection, meant to repeal the evil eye of others and protect the wearer.

The Hamsa Hand can also often be seen with a lotus flower, a symbol of purity, enlightenment, self-regeneration, and rebirth. As even with its roots in the dirtiest of water, the Lotus produces the most beautiful flower.

The Hamsa Hand can also often be seen with the fish symbol, a symbol of fertility, rebirth, good luck, health, happiness, strength, and endurance. It is claimed that fish are resistant to the evil eye as they are always underwater, not visible directly to the human eye. Also, a fish never closes its eyes, so it is constantly watching, just like god.

The Hamsa Hand symbol is most commonly carved into, or formed in silver, a metal believed to represent purity and hold magical properties.

You may also see the Hamsa Hand or the Hand of Fatima painted in red on the walls of houses and hung in the doorways of rooms, especially those of expecting mothers and babies.

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Hamsa Hand FAQs - All About the Hamsa Hand

What is the meaning of the Hamsa Hand?

The Hamsa Hand is an ancient symbol that predates most modern-day religions.

While each religion has an individual explanation for the Hamsa Hand, the symbol itself goes beyond religions and is an eternal symbol of good luck, good fortune, good health, happiness, and protection from the Evil Eye.

Where did the Hamsa Hand come from?

The Hamsa Hand is said to have been used by the people of Carthage (modern-day Tunisia) in 800 BC to represent goddess Tanit, who held the meaning of life.

Recent archeological discoveries have dated the Hamsa Hand further back to 1500 BC in ancient Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq), where it represented goddess Ishtar (also called Inanna), who was the queen of heaven and believed to bestow love, beauty, sex, justice, and political power.

Should the Hamsa Hand be Up or Down?

The Hamsa Hand can be placed or made in two ways, with the fingers and palm pointing up or down.

If the Hamsa Hand faces downwards, then the Hamsa represents an abundance of goodness. It becomes a welcoming sign that invites good things into our life, including good luck, good fortune, good health, and happiness.

In this position, the fingers are generally close together, as a sign of invitation for good luck.

Alternatively, when the five fingers of the Hamsa Hand are pointing up, the Hamsa Hand will protect the wearer from negativity and harm from others.

It will also help control the wearer’s own negative emotions, fears, greed, hatred, and insecurities. The fingers may also be spread apart as a sign meant to repel evil.

What Religion is the Hamsa Hand?

Before the alphabet, words, sentences, languages, and religions, there were symbols. Owing to its origins in prehistory, the Hamsa Hand is a truly unique symbol, as it is shared by most of the major religions in the world today.

The Hamsa Hand is known as the Hand of Fatima in Islam, the Hand of Mary in Christianity, the Hand of Miriam in Judaism, and also present in the ancient religions of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism.

Is the Hamsa Hand Jewish?

The Hamsa Hand is known as the Hand of Miriam in Judaism, and the Hamsa symbol is omnipresent in Israel today.

In ancient Egypt, when the Pharaoh was out to kill every baby boy born to those of Jewish faith, to exterminate the population. It is said that Miriam convinced an Egyptian princess to adopt her baby brother Moses, thereby saving his life.

Moses later went on to lead the Jewish people out of Egypt and slavery, also saving them from extinction. Owing to this, anyone who wears the Hand of Miriam as jewelry on their body is said to hold a part of Miriam’s to their body, thereby bringing them protection, good luck, and good fortune.

The Hamsa Hand is also known as Hamesh, the Hebrew word for the number 5. Hamesh relates to the five fingers depicted in the Hamsa Hand symbol. It is believed that these five fingers represent the five holy books of Judaism, namely the Torah, Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.

"Hamsa, Hamsa, Hamsa, tfu, tfu, tfu” is a common expression in Israel, meant to spit out bad luck!

Is the Hamsa Hand Christian?

The Hamsa Hand is known as the Hand of Mary, the mother of Jesus Christ in Levantine Christianity.

While it’s uncommon to worship any symbol apart from the cross in Christianity, the Hand of Mary is still considered divine as Mary was an ordinary person who became the mother of Jesus Christ.

Owing to this, the Hand of Mary symbol is associated with divinity, compassion, nurturing, care, femininity, protection, and as a bearer of good fortune.

Is the Hamsa Hand Islamic?

The Arabic word for Hamsa is five, which is said to represent the five pillars of Islam, namely Profession of Faith, Prayer, Alms to the needy, Fasting, and Pilgrimage.

The Hamsa Hand is also known as the Hand of Fatima, who is the daughter of Muhammad, the Prophet and founder of Islam.

In Islamic folklore, it is said that Fatima’s hand became a symbol of faith when her husband brought home a new wife. Fatima, who at the time was cooking, went into shock and dropped the wooden spoon she was using but kept stirring the pot with her bare hands, not noticing that she was burning herself.

Since that day Fatima's hand or the Hand of Fatima is said to symbolize patience, abundance, faithfulness, and bring power, blessing, and good luck.

Is the Hamsa Hand Hindu or Buddhist?

In Hinduism and Buddhism, the Hamsa Hand facing down is known as the Varadamudra, a symbolic gesture often seen in religious paintings and statues symbolizing the gifting of boons, granting of wishes, and mercy.

While the Hamsa Hand facing up is known as Abhayamudra, a symbol of protection from evil, self-ignorance, and a symbol of peace, benevolence, and the dispelling of fears.

Hamsa is also associated with the number five, which relates to the five chakras through which energy is believed to flow in a human body. As well as the five senses of a human body, and the five mudras or symbolic gestures made by hand and fingers, that facilitate the flow of energy within a body.

The first chakra, or the root chakra, is defined by the ring finger, relates to the earth element, and is responsible for the tailbone, legs, and feet. The root chakra helps keep us grounded in this world, helping carve our sense of identity, family, society, community, and belonging.

The second chakra, or the sacral chakra, is defined by the little finger, related to the water element, responsible for the pelvic region and genitals. The sacral chakra helps guide our emotions, emotional well-being, intimacy, self-expression, sensitivity, and sexuality.

The third chakra, or the solar plexus chakra, is defined by the thumb, relates to the fire element, and is responsible for the solar plexus, the area found in the pit of our stomach, playing a key role in the functioning of the stomach, kidneys, liver, and adrenal glands. The Solar Plexus chakra helps support our creativity, visualization, and imagination towards creating art, our work, or solving life’s many problems.

The fourth chakra, or the heart chakra, is defined by the forefinger, relates to the air element, and is responsible for matters related to the heart. The heart chakra helps build love, support, and confidence, including self-love and self-confidence.

Lastly, the fifth chakra, or the throat chakra, is defined by the middle finger, relates to the ethereal element, and is responsible for the ears, throat, vocal box, and speech. As the name suggests, the throat chakra is associated with listening and speaking, as well as the thyroid gland.

What does the Hamsa Hand with an Eye mean?

The Hamsa Hand can often be seen with an eye at the center of the palm. This is the Evil Eye of protection, meant to repeal the evil eye of others and protect the wearer.

What does the Hamsa Hand with a Lotus mean?

The Hamsa Hand can also often be seen with a lotus flower, a symbol of purity, enlightenment, self-regeneration, and rebirth. As even with its roots in the dirtiest of water, the Lotus produces the most beautiful flower.

What does the Hamsa Hand with a Fish mean?

The Hamsa Hand can also often be seen with the fish symbol, a symbol of fertility, rebirth, good luck, health, happiness, strength, and endurance.

It is claimed that fish are resistant to the evil eye as they are always underwater, not visible directly to the human eye. Also, a fish never closes its eyes, so it is constantly watching, just like god.

Why is the Hamsa Hand made with Silver?

The Hamsa Hand is most commonly seen carved into, or formed in silver, a metal believed to represent purity and hold magical properties.

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